THE BUILDING OF THE BANK “PUTNIK”

18. December 2018.

The building at Borisa Kidriča Street 4, today a business-residential building, known as “Travelers”, is located in one of the oldest and most representative streets in the protected city core of Subotica.
Famous designers Marcel Komor and Daze Jakab in 1907, in very modest conditions and in a cramped space, without any visions, projected an object designed for the needs of the Subotica Commercial Bank. Built in the style of the Hungarian secessionist variant, and incorporated into the then dominant structure of eclecticism, the building is a valuable monument of progress and an early novel of the emerging modern architecture.
The construction of the building is carried out according to projects, only some differentiation is observed in the ornamentation design, which is justified on the project. It is a two-sided, angular object, a base in shape, an irregular quadruplegon. The ground dominated by exhibits preserved in its original form is only the material in which they are made partially modified. The artwork presented in architecture by the secession is a half-letter, a practical detail that emphasizes the ground floor as the dominant exquisitely lit business space. Portals and floor expositions with cassettes of the Intermediate window make up a unique unit and are designed with a host of interesting details. The main entrance to the bank preserved its original, gentle appearance flanked with two half-strips covered with ornaments of a vine that turns on the upper edges into a peacock pen. In the arched upper part of the gate,as a decorative detail and a symbol of energy and craftsmanship, a hive made of metal, from which the peacock paws grow and air raises to the gateway.
The entrance to the recently travel agency “Putnik”, and now the bank, is located at the very corner, and the sixties of the 20th century is somewhat rearranged and disrupts the harmoniousness of this unusual composition. The floor of the building is more playful. The facade cloth on both floors is slightly stamped with the first arched rucksacks that appear at the very corner of the building and which connects two facades and connects them into a single whole with a single rectangular erker. Rectangular erkers rest on two consoles in the form of female busts, which are placed in frames, and in the roof zone end with a grip in the form of a triple clover. The light erkers end with a shallow dome covered with sheet metal. The ornamentation is applied only to those parts of the object that are enriching and emphasizing something. All doors and windows with a flat or arched finish are decorated with decorative elements made of ceramic or stone.The other parts of the facade canvas are free, unhardened, and yet the ornamentation of the building is very rich and varied, as the designers displayed the entire repertoire of the ornaments of national motifs on the building.
Around the whole building, except on rectangular erkeys, the lofty wreath extends with a flower ornament of yellow and ceramic in yellow and blue. The building is covered with a high tiled roof that monitors every part of the building in particular.
The roof is decorated with yellow and ceramics with floral motifs, and at the foot of a high roof, the gutter and the snowshoe are decorated with peacocks in the form of a peacock feather.
The facade of the building was restored in 1992.