VOJNIĆ PALACE

18. December 2018.

From the extensive series of rented palaces from the end of the XIX and the beginning of the XX century that were built in the center of the city, one is distinguished, according to the unusual architectural composition of the layout, as well as the plastic decoration and the color of the facade. We are accustomed to eclectic coloration, we often meet buildings conceived in the style of the Italian Renaissance or neo-baroque. Sometimes a certain object of romance appears, and most of them are built in the style of secession. One of the only buildings in the city center is distinguished from this qualification. This is a rental palace designed by Maja Bajsai Vojnić in 1893, designed by a mason from Budapest, Janoš Jedlička. The mere fact that the designer of this remarkable achievement is a mason, and not an architect, pays attention.The facade of the building is totally unusual in the style of the French Renaissance with elements of flowering Gothic “Gothic fiorito”. In France, the style of Floral Gothic drowned in a new style and gave an exceptional conglomerate of cost-effective architectural elements with rich floral decoration of the Gothic character. Jedlička completely understood this style and translated it into these plain areas where the calm, first and foremost monumental style of the Italian Renaissance, which mostly inspired the new rich, was generally accepted. The basic concept of the main facade is a typical neo-gothic. The ground floor is dominated by calm, massive arch arches. There is a slightly lighter but still massive construction of the first floor, so that the upper part of the second floor is relaxed by weight, light and playful. Central vertical axis that accentuates the triangular shape of the central erker.Contrary to the quiet rhythm of terrestrial arcades and their discreet decoration, the first floor openings carry a rich Gothic decor floral decoration. The windows change in the rhythm of the bifore with a single hole. They are made up of semi-granites with Corinthian capitals, and are emphasized by gothic onions with finishes and lilies decorations. The central axis of the erkeer, the most disturbed part of the triangular part, emphasizes the torn pillar that appears on both flooring. On the first floor it only appears in the central vertical, and on the other flank and corner of the erker. Torded poles on a high flower base also appear as a decorative element on the facades of the facade on the second floor. Open the second floor in the same rhythm as the first one. The differences are only reflected in the decoration. Slopes and tympanum arch are omitted.The decoration runs along the upper shallow edge of the window with an emphasis on the French lily in the center. The wall surfaces between the windows of this floor are decorated with rectangular squares arranged in the form of pillars with a floral ornamentation of a stylized lily. The wall space above the window is also decorated with a cartridge design. Below the roof covering is a richly decorated wreath, dominated by the motif of lilies placed in triple shapes. To emphasize the vertical of the building, the high tower rises above the triangular erker, and the mansard openings are surrounded by torn bars and a triangular canopy, emphasized at the level of the first floor by the middle figure of the knight. And here the prevailing accent is on the shape of the French lily. The roof is very pronounced, dyslexic with the long side toward the yard.The wall surfaces between the windows of this floor are decorated with rectangular squares arranged in the form of pillars with a floral ornamentation of a stylized lily. The wall space above the window is also decorated with a cartridge design. Below the roof covering is a richly decorated wreath, dominated by the motif of lilies placed in triple shapes. To emphasize the vertical of the building, the high tower rises above the triangular erker, and the mansard openings are surrounded by torn bars and a triangular canopy, emphasized at the level of the first floor by the middle figure of the knight. And here the prevailing accent is on the shape of the French lily. The roof is very pronounced, dyslexic with the long side toward the yard.The wall surfaces between the windows of this floor are decorated with rectangular squares arranged in the form of pillars with a floral ornamentation of a stylized lily. The wall space above the window is also decorated with a cartridge design. Below the roof covering is a richly decorated wreath, dominated by the motif of lilies placed in triple shapes. To emphasize the vertical of the building, the high tower rises above the triangular erker, and the mansard openings are surrounded by torn bars and a triangular canopy, emphasized at the level of the first floor by the middle figure of the knight. And here the prevailing accent is on the shape of the French lily. The roof is very pronounced, dyslexic with the long side toward the yard.Below the roof covering is a richly decorated wreath, dominated by the motif of lilies placed in triple shapes. To emphasize the vertical of the building, the high tower rises above the triangular erker, and the mansard openings are surrounded by torn bars and a triangular canopy, emphasized at the level of the first floor by the middle figure of the knight. And here the prevailing accent is on the shape of the French lily. The roof is very pronounced, dyslexic with the long side toward the yard.Below the roof covering is a richly decorated wreath, dominated by the motif of lilies placed in triple shapes. To emphasize the vertical of the building, the high tower rises above the triangular erker, and the mansard openings are surrounded by torn bars and a triangular canopy, emphasized at the level of the first floor by the middle figure of the knight. And here the prevailing accent is on the shape of the French lily. The roof is very pronounced, dyslexic with the long side toward the yard.The roof is very pronounced, dyslexic with the long side toward the yard.The roof is very pronounced, dyslexic with the long side toward the yard.
The foundation of the building is in the form of a closed quadruple. The most luxurious apartment is located on the street side of the building on the first floor. Each floor has four apartments. Two in the front of the building, two at the rear. Interesting is the division of the back part of the ground floor where today is the cinema hall. There was a six-horse stable, with separate pits, a carriage ramp and just next to the barn, and an apartment for a steward. In the back of the building there was a side staircase, and already in 1893 an elevator was designed. The two lifts one by one met the needs of the whole building. Like the façade, the interior of the rooms was luxuriously furnished with stucco decorations and luxurious furnaces made of ceramic tiles. The look of the front object from the courtyard is interesting. It is surrounded by a hallway on both floors, with a crossed vault and low Tuscan columns, as in the Baroque era.
Vojnić palat is one of the most colorful and most interesting performances in a series of buildings of this type, which at the end of the XIX century has been unsustainable in the past Palanac town hall.

Both architectural elements are circular bases, placed on concrete foundations, while the tower is additionally reinforced with a massive concrete slab on which the stripline founds. The tower is made up of three belts in height. The base is a square base with an accentuated arched entrance to the tower. The only decoration of the wall can be seen in the shape of a red facade brick that continuously clings to the arched entrance. The monumental corpus of a regular roller with the eight ribs of reinforcement, which extends to the top, grows from the square base, giving the impression of the reverse-shaped form. Inside the tower of the wooden staircase leads to a terrace – a viewpoint. Within the towed vertically segments of the tower, between the ribs are vertical strings of narrow window niches, which illuminate the staircase.
The tower is finished with a rounded rolled roof below which is a small terrace with a wooden fence perforated in the form of a series of hearts. The roof construction is a wooden hang-up with a shingle cover. The roof cube ends with a decorative wrought iron spike. The total height of the tower is 31.75 m.
The other architectural continent is an open pavilion-tram waiting room, sheltered in the shape of a canopy. Eight circular columns with vertical vegetable folk carved motifs, vivid color (ocher, green, pale red) carry a rounded dome covered by shingles. The roof ends with a wrought iron spike. The loop belt is lined with wooden boards perforated in the form of vertical arches of the heart.
The roof construction is a wooden hanging from the underside of a masked wooden cover. Only part of the construction is visible. Within the pavilion there is a circular low wooden bench.
The central breakthrough is resolved in the form of two large parabolic wooden arches of the dual roof.
The roof structure is on the underside covered with a wooden cover. Along the pillars flowing flower decoration is solved in the spirit of the Hungarian secession of a living color. The building is dominated by two colors, ocher and pale red, while in the decoration there is green and light blue.